Photography 101: Camera Lens for Beginners

Ilfusion Creative
4 min readMay 31, 2023
Photography 101: Camera Lens for Beginners

Investing in a good camera and photography equipment for your brand is crucial, as it enhances the visual representation of your products or services. Brand photography is one of the many factors in creating a professional image that attracts and engages potential customers.

However, an often overlooked aspect of photography is the camera lens. Camera lenses are one of the most essential pieces of photography equipment because they determine how an image appears and its overall quality.

Choosing the right lens can be tricky, and knowing what you’re looking for can save you time and money.

How Do Camera Lenses Improve Quality?

Camera lenses have the power to greatly improve the quality of a photograph. Lenses filter and focus light in a way that can impact the overall sharpness and contrast of an image. Several factors also come into play when it comes to lens selection:

  • Aperture: This refers to the size of the lens opening and affects how much light is able to enter.
  • Depth of field: This determines the focus zone and sharpness.
  • Field of view: This refers to the angle that the lens can capture.
  • Focal length: This measures the distance from its optical center.

How Do Different Lens Sizes Affect Photo Quality?

Larger lenses tend to produce higher-quality images because they let in more light and offer a better depth of field control. Smaller lenses, on the other hand, are lighter and more portable, making them ideal for travel photography.

While there is no single perfect lens size, understanding their advantages and disadvantages can help you choose the right one for your needs. Here are some of the common focal sizes:

  • 16mm: These lenses provide a wider field of view, perfect for landscapes and creating drama in a scene.
  • 35mm: These lenses provide a wide view as well, and their angle of view is similar to what mobile photography could produce. It’s ideal for street photography.
  • 50mm: This is a standard lens size, and it offers a good balance between wide- and narrow-angle lenses.
  • 85mm: These are considered medium telephoto lenses, and they provide a narrower angle of view. These are ideal for portrait photography.
  • 200mm: These are telephoto lenses and provide the narrowest angle of view. They are ideal for capturing subjects that are far away.

What Are the 2 Main Types of Camera Lenses?

There are various types of camera lenses, but they can be categorized into 2 main types:

  • Prime lenses: These lenses have a fixed focal length, meaning they don’t zoom in or out. They are generally sharper than zoom lenses and offer better low-light performance.
  • Zoom lenses: These lenses have a variable focal length, meaning you can zoom in and out with the same lens. They are more versatile than prime lenses and are ideal for capturing a variety of shots.

What Are the Different Kinds of Camera Lenses?

Standard lenses

  • Focal length: Between 35mm and 50mm
  • Can be used for a variety of purposes, from capturing landscapes to shooting portraits.

Wide-angle lenses

  • Focal length: Below 35mm
  • Ideal for landscape or architectural photography.

Telephoto lenses

  • Focal length: Above 50mm
  • Ideal for capturing subjects from a distance, such as in sports or wildlife photography.

Macro lenses

  • Focal length: Fixed
  • Ideal for capturing close-up shots of small subjects, such as insects or flowers.

Fish-eye lenses

  • Focal length: Fixed
  • Ideal for capturing extremely wide-angle shots, such as in panoramas.

5 Quick Tips for Choosing the Right Camera Lens

While there is no single perfect lens for everyone, here are some tips to help you make the right choice:

1. Decide what kind of photography you want to do

Different lenses are designed for different purposes, such as landscape, portrait, or macro photography. Knowing what kind of photography you want to do will help you narrow down the best lens for your needs.

2. Consider your budget

Lenses can range from a few hundred dollars to several thousand. Smaller lenses tend to be more affordable, while larger lenses may require a bigger investment. If you’re on a budget, a standard zoom lens may be a good option, as you can use it for a variety of purposes.

3. Look at the lens features

The features of a lens can make a big difference in terms of performance. Look at the aperture, focal length, and other important specs to make sure you’re getting a lens that will meet your needs.

4. Think about portability

If you want to be able to take your lens with you easily, consider getting a smaller lens. Smaller lenses are lighter and more portable, while larger lenses will require more effort to transport.

5. Try it before you buy it

When possible, try out the lens before making a purchase. Many camera shops have rental programs that can help you get an idea of how the lens performs and if it’s the right one for you.

There are several aspects of photography that contribute to the overall impact of your brand photos. For more camera and brand photography tips, visit our blog at



Ilfusion Creative

Ilfusion Inc. is a full-service creative agency located in Fort Worth, TX with talents in web, design, video, social media and marketing consultation.